-Education in Empathy for All Humanity-
Humanity and its endeavors have different aspects, and it can be examined variously. For example, consider light and darkness. Rather than conceptualizing them as two mutually exclusive aspects, thinking of them on a spectrum from light to dark is perhaps a better reflection of reality. On the one hand, if we look at the lighter parts of humanity, we are likely feel deep satisfaction and occasionally even arrogance. On the other hand, if we look at the darker parts of humanity, we might be shocked and falter in the face of its chaotic harshness and complexity. However, if we focus our attention on only one extreme, the dark or light aspects of ourselves or our endeavors, to attempt understanding it, we are not “seeing the forest from the trees,” so to speak. Consequently, the judgments or responses derived from such a perspective are ultimately inadequate.
The human sciences are a framework for practices and knowledge holding a strong possibility for overcoming these issues. In other words, the human sciences adopt a comprehensive perspective that is undergirded by the knowledge and practices from various academic fields related to human beings in an attempt to clarify the mechanisms, phenomena, and realities of these problems. Furthermore, human sciences propose solutions to the problems based on this perspective; they then attempt to put the solutions to practice.
Ckause 2 of Article 4 of the Bunkyo University Graduate School bylaws clearly states that the objective of the Graduate School of Human Sciences is to “provide a firm foundation in the scholastic systems of pedagogy, psychology, and sociology and to combine these fields to cultivate comprehensive interdisciplinary knowledge related to human sciences. At the same time, its objective is to train talented people with a high degree of specialization and extensive knowledge related to lifelong learning, community activities, family relationships, human nature, and mental health.” In short, “the human sciences” pursue human happiness, and these fields attempt to contribute to society and mankind by offering an understanding of humanity as a whole and solving a wide variety of problems arising in the settings where humans are active. It is also noteworthy that the graduate school of the human sciences at this university is attempting to realize the ideal of Bunkyo University to have empathy for all humanity.
The graduate school of human sciences at the Bunkyo University consists of the human sciences and the clinical psychology programs. The curriculum of the clinical psychology master’s program was created with the goal of studying human beings’ social and psychological adjustments and training highly specialized people who can provide support. Almost all graduates who have completed the clinical psychology program acquire the “clinical psychologist” qualifications from the Foundation of the Japanese Certification Board for Clinical Psychologists. Then, they fulfill their social obligations as “mental health specialists.”
The human sciences program aims to train people who are highly specialized in areas such as human health and development. This program has set up courses such as “advanced human sciences,” “advanced health psychology,” “advanced health education,” “psychology,” “pedagogy,” and “sociology” including “social welfare sciences” that adopt the perspective of fostering interdisciplinary knowledge. As these courses demonstrate, the curriculum of the human sciences program comprise content that extensively teaches the interdisciplinary academic field of human sciences as well as is suitable for pursuing more specialized fields.
On a slightly different note, how do we think of the graduate school in relation to ourselves? Essentially, the graduate school is a place for active scholarship and research to build one’s foundation as a researcher or a highly specialized professional. In short, the graduate school not only systematically deepens our knowledge based on our own awareness of the issues but also naturally ensures that we thoroughly investigate the problems and issues that come to light from this knowledge. Accordingly, it is essential to learn both the theory and methodology for this purpose. In addition, practical, specialized, and research skills are further cultivated when graduate students exchange their opinions with other people with different backgrounds and academic perspectives. As faculty members, we sincerely hope to work with all of the graduate students for creating a setting in which this type of learning and research can take place.
Clinical Psychology ProgramThe clinical psychology program has established a curriculum and teaching method based on the following education and research principles.
■ In the master’s program, students acquire the knowledge of general and clinical psychology. This program trains psychological clinicians who are highly specialized and have a rich sense of humanity gained through research based on clinical practices and skills learned from clinical experience.
■ In the doctoral program, independent clinical psychology researchers and highly specialized professionals who can guide psychological clinicians are trained by cultivating more advanced research, knowledge, and skills.
Cultivating clinical psychologists who have learned genuine skills
Here, at the clinical psychology program, we emphasize the following points that allow us to train clinical psychologists.
1. Cultivating the ability to think and other basic abilities of clinical psychology
2. Teaching the skills and knowledge required in various fields including medical care, education, development, welfare, and industry
1. Class curriculum designed by full-time teaching staff for a broad range of fields
Teaching staff with a wealth of professional field experience are balanced well by those with numerous scholarly achievements as researchers. An emphasis is also placed on fundamental psychology and research guidance so that students can become skilled clinicians.
2. Places for medical practice that fully utilize educational and legal facilities
When a student becomes an M2, they have the opportunity to practice. The graduate school at this university has established cooperative relationships with a wide variety of clinical facilities focusing on hospitals, clinics, and legal consultation facilities. This program has external training in which students continuously practice at a variety of medical institutions such as clinics, university hospitals, and private psychiatric hospitals; furthermore, the program has internal training in which students receive guidance on cases referred by the campus clinical consultation research center.
3. Utilizing supervised case conferences fully
A diverse group of individuals with a great deal of on-site knowledge have been assigned as supervisors providing guidance during practice. The students are supervised in small groups twice a week, and they have the opportunity to investigate during class conferences. In addition, the teaching staff provide individual supervision as necessary, and this graduate program has adopted a system that utilizes supervision fully.
Yasue Nunoshiba (Professor / Program Director / Family psychology, family therapy)
The students in this graduate program are given the opportunity to learn about wide range of fields in clinical psychology from 14 full-time faculty members. They study lessons based on “empathy for all humanity” and learn a good balance of practice and research. The students cooperate and inherit an environment that traditionally allows them to refine each other’s skills. This is connected to the high ratio of successful applicants for the clinical psychologist certification.
Human Sciences ProgramCultivating talent to facilitate the development of human society
Here in the human sciences program, we emphasize the following points that allow us to train talented people who have a firm basis in the human sciences.
1. Broadly examining the various sciences that are concerned with humanity and acquiring more highly specialized comprehensive interdisciplinary knowledge.
2. Teaching the skills and knowledge required in a variety of fields like psychology, sociology, and social welfare.
1． Rich interdisciplinary class curriculum designed by full-time teaching staff
There is a good balance between teaching staff with a wealth of professional experience and those with numerous scholarly achievements as researchers. The students can grow into talented individuals who can be active in a wide range of fields by learning about fundamental psychology and receiving research guidance.
2. The aim for collaborative work on the studies of humanity based on a foundation of “advanced human sciences.”
To lead a fuller and happier life, students investigate their own “mental and physical health.” They continue to learn with the aim of developing and improving human lives based on healthy living.
3. Fully utilizing research guidance in the small-group system
Based on their own research plans, the students receive abundant guidance from their advising teacher who belongs to a related field of research. This is distinctly different from a one-sided learning system, and it enables the students to learn in an extensively interdisciplinary manner that is distinctive of the human sciences program.
Tomoko Sekii (Professor / Program Director / gender studies, family sociology)
The aim of the human sciences program is for students to learn various viewpoints so they grasp human society. The graduates’ career paths are quite diverse, and they go on to work in hospitals, institutions, businesses, or government offices. They are active in workplaces that fully utilize the learning they received in this program. I hope that you will gain deep insights into humanity and use these insights for the good of the society. Let’s learn together!